Chapter 17 study guide ap us history manifest destiny and its legacy theme: american expansionism gained momentum in the 1840s, leading first to the acquisition of texas and oregon, and then to the mexican war, which added vast southwestern territories to the united states. It would only work if voters in a sufficient number of new territories could be persuaded to permit slavery, and it soon became apparent that apart from massive fraud, this end could not be achieved even in a border territory like kansas. Why - because the court had decided that slavery could be expanded throughout all the territories and into any new states this essentially legalized slavery everywhere except in the states where it was already outlawed. Review- analyzing issues • explain why popular • answer: it was sovereignty was so controversial because controversial it meant a repeal of the missouri compromise, and meant that any new state might become a slavery state.
The issue might have been resolved by extending the missouri compromise to the pacific to cover the new territory, but since the movement to prohibit slavery in the territories was much stronger in 1850 than it had been in 1820, the political forces were unable handle it as smoothly as in 1820. Conflict over slavery in the territories began in the1840s, and by the end of the decade, extension of slavery before a territory became a state and had done so in the missouri alternatives to the dominant parties who looked much the same on the slavery issue. Slavery’s legacy and efforts to overcome it remained a central issue in us politics for more than a century, particularly during the post-civil war reconstruction era and the african american. After the american revolution, as the country became polarized over the issue of slavery, slavery supporters in the south worked to clear the southern states of anti-slavery leaders and their forces one abolitionist, for example, was beaten, tarred and feathered, set afire, doused in water, and whipped.
The issue of slavery would be taken out of federal hands and put in the hands of the people in the territories douglas termed this popular soverignty douglas believed that this would difuse the increasingly vitriolic debate over slavery in the congress. In a recent pew poll, 60 percent of americans under the age of thirty identified states’ rights as a more important cause of the conflict than slavery 2 these results are all the more disheartening when we take into account this generation’s generally progressive political leanings on other issues. Renewing the sectional struggle, 1848–1854 chapter summary the acquisition of territory from mexico created acute new dilemmas concerning the expansion of slavery, especially for the two major political parties, which had long tried to avoid the issue. Anti-slavery newspapers were another important aspect of the abolition movement that required commitment and fearlessness for those involved the issue of african americans serving in the us military turned out to be a key issue in ending slavery and eventually, ending the war slavery was abolished in the us territories on july 19.
The three major attempts at compromise, the crittenden compromise, the corwin amendment and the washington peace conference, addressed only the slavery-related issues of fugitive slave laws, personal liberty laws, slavery in the territories and interference with slavery within the existing slave states. In addition to organizing the us territories of kansas and nebraska, the act attempted to deal with the extension of slavery into this region by allowing the settlers in each territory to decide the question for themselves. His opponent, zachary taylor, ignored the issue of slavery altogether in his campaign, and won the election of 1848 as the 1840s melted into the 1850s, stephen douglas became the loudest proponent of popular sovereignty.
In the south, white spokesmen rallied around slavery as the bedrock of southern society 4 the issue of slavery became so volatile that congress debated whether it could even be discussed between 1836 and 1844, the house of representatives argued over their gag rule . Highly controversial 1857 supreme court decision that rejected the claim of the slave dred scott who argued that time spent with his owner in regions that barred slavery had made him a fee man it also declared that congress lacked the right to regulate slavery i the territories. The 1854 act proposed by democrat stephen douglass, “sought to expand the political liberties of the territory’s white men by giving them the power at the local level to pronounce on the most contentious issue of the time, black slavery.
Homework assignment 51 –the south and the slavery controversy (1793-1860) 6 why was the wilmot proviso proposal, prohibiting slavery in the whole territory acquired from mexico, so divisive and explosive was it intended to reignite sectional controversy or actually to defuse it. Expansion and slavery the expansion of slavery into new territories and onto the western frontier became a major issue after the mexican-american war southerners fought to assert their rights while many northerners wished to prevent the expansion of slave labor into new states. Slavery was always a controversial issue in america many people saw slavery as an essential part of life in every aspect, while others saw it as immoral and an injustice to humanity in the 1840s when manifest destiny started to thrive, things began to heat up new territories meant a possibility.
The doctrine that the issue of slavery should be decided by the residents of a territory themselves, not by the federal government mason-dixon line the boundary line between slave and free states in the east, originally the southern border of pennsylvania. The three-fifths compromise was a compromise reached among state delegates during the 1787 united states constitutional conventionwhether, and if so, how, slaves would be counted when determining a state's total population for legislative representation and taxing purposes was important, as this population number would then be used to determine the number of seats that the state would have in. This is important in understanding why white southerners went to war in 1861 to defend slavery most did not have a financial investment in the system but the defense was more complicated than a simple fear of loss of money. Missouri compromise map of the united states that denotes free and slave states as well as the territory open to slavery or freedom by the repeal of the missouri compromise, c 1856 library of congress geography and map division washington, dc (digital id g3701e ct000604.
Bleeding kansas was a series of violent conflicts i the kansas territory between anti-slavery and pro-slavery factions the majority of american settlers who traveled west to california did so by sea during the 1830s and 1840s, leading up to the discovery of gold in 1848. Much of the agitation in the north against the spread of slavery into the new territories in the 1840s and 1850s grew out or race prejudice, not humanitarianism garrison published in boston the first issue of his militantly antislavery newspaper feross chapter 16: the south and the slavery controversy, 1793-1860 studynotesorg study. A summary of expansion and slavery: 1846–1855 in history sparknotes's the civil war 1850–1865 learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the civil war 1850–1865 and what it means perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.