A matrix organizational structure combines two types of organizational structures namely the product organizational structure and the pure functional structure to create a unique blend of work environment. Matrix organizations can be classified as weak, balanced, or strong depending on the relative level of power and influence between functional and project managers weak matrix organizations maintain many of the characteristics of a functional organization, and the role of the project manager is more of a coordinator or expeditera project. Strong matrix structure: this shares many characteristics with projectized organization because it has a full-time project manager and administrative team without that necessarily changing the functional structure project managers have full authority over their projects and act at the same level as those in charge of the functional areas. Project management chapter 2 study projectitis is most likely to occur in which type of project organizational structure a) a pure project organization b) matrix organization c) functional organization d) b and c e) all of the above a) pure project organization.
The pure-project organization offers powerful advantages of clear project authority, access to special expertise, project focus and priority, as well as simplified project communications however, its disadvantages are equally as formidable: duplication of effort, intracompany rivalries, uncertain. An organization's structure determines the way employees and jobs are arranged to meet its needs and objectives in a functional structure, employees are departmentalized by task similarity, and. A balanced matrix is the most traditional of the three matrix structures, requiring a high degree of cooperation between functional and project managers and joint approval of key decisions.
Matrix organizations, as shown in figures 2-2 through 2-4, reflect a blend of functional and projectized characteristicsmatrix organizations can be classified as weak, balanced, or strong depending on the relative level of power and influence between functional and project managers. The matrix structure improves upon the “silo” critique of functional management in that it diminishes the vertical structure of functional and creates a more horizontal structure which allows the spread of information across task boundaries to happen much quicker. Project management organizational structures project structure is to provide a formal environment that the project manager can use to influence team members to do their best in completing their assignment and duties the structure needs to be impact their ability to meet project deadlines matrix based.
Project management organization structures • three main types organization structures used in characteristics of functional and pure project organization forms heavyweight matrix project structure general manager functional manager manager manager of project managers worker. Matrix organization: a matrix organization is a blended organizational structure although a functional hierarchy is still in place, the project manager is recognized as a valuable position and is given more authority to manage the project and assign resources matrix organizations can be further divided into weak, balanced, and strong matrix. Matrix organization is a project management structure that evolved from the recognition of inherent flaws in the functional organization and project organization structures created in the 1970s, this structure combined the best components of these two structures. Matrix organization this form of organization is helpful in maximizing the strength of both the functional and projectized structures when it comes to matrix organization, think “two bosses” team reports to both functional and project manager both.
In the matrix structure, staffers have dual reporting relationships, generally to both a functional manager and a product manager this allows a single functional area expert to report to and. In matrix organization, two complementary organization structures, ie the project organization and functional organization are merged together in order to create a matrix structure matrix organization is compromise between the project and functional organization. Matrix the matrix organizational form is an attempt to combine the advantages of the pure functional structure and the product organizational structure this form is ideally suited for companies, such as construction, that are “project-driven”(kerzner, 2006.
A weak matrix organizational structure maintains many of the features of the functional organizational structure the role of the project manager is more that of a project coordinator the role of the project manager is more that of a project coordinator. The matrix organizational form is an attempt to combine the advantages of the pure functional structure and the product organizational structure (kerzner, 2006) this form is suited for “project-driven” companies such as construction.
Project management structures (cont’d) organizing projects: matrix structure hybrid organizational structure (matrix) is overlaid on the normal functional structure rather than being a stand alone organization, like the pure project, the matrix project is not separated from the parent organization two chains of command (functional and. A disadvantage of the matrix structure is the increased complexity in the chain of command when employees are assigned to both functional and project managers this increase in complexity can result in a higher manager-to-worker ratio, which can in turn increase costs or lead to conflicting employee loyalties. In this work mgt 437 week 3 project management organizational structures paper you can look through the following parts: functional structures pure product structure matrix structure references.