Use commas to indicate nonessential information if explanatory matter can be omitted without changing the general meaning of the sentence, it should be set off with commas if the explanatory matter is essential to the meaning of the sentence, do not set it off with commas. Source: 21 commas rules rule 1 use commas to separate words and word groups with a series of three or more. Comma rules can be confusing, not necessarily because they’re difficult, but because people often disagree on what they are one teacher may tell you one rule for using commas while another may tell you the opposite, and the frustrating truth is that they’re probably both right. Use commas to set off nonessential items: clauses, participial phrases, appositives barrack obama, the president of the united states, might have a 4th of july hot dog eating contest at the white house 6 insert a comma between two independent clauses that are joined with a coordinating conjunction. When used in a list, and and or never take a comma when the list has two items when it has more, it is generally a good idea to use the comma when used as a conjunction it is generally a good idea to use the comma (unless the phrases are very short.
Use commas when an ly adjective is used with other adjectives the blue book of punctuation and grammar gives this example: felix was a lonely, confused boy be careful here not to confuse ly adverbs with adjectives as ly adverbs don't necessarily need commas after them. The comma the comma is a much misused and often over used piece of punctuation the complexity of its usage stems primarily from the fact that there are several different situations in which the comma is the correct piece of punctuation to use. Use commas to set off a nonrestrictive clause in the middle of a sentence, but not to set off a restrictive clause nonrestrictive clauses tell you something about the subject of a sentence, but they do not limit, or restrict, the meaning restrictive clauses, on the other hand, limit the possible meaning of the subject. Use a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma) the english language uses a comma to separate three or more items in a series look at the following example.
Comma (,) a comma marks a slight break between different parts of a sentence used properly, commas make the meaning of sentences clear by grouping and separating words, phrases, and clauses. The serial comma is the comma before the last “and” in a series: red, white, and blue that last comma before the “and” is called a serial comma, oxford comma, or harvard comma some people say to always use it and other people say to only use it when leaving it out would cause confusion. Do you know how to use commas in this lesson, you'll learn simple rules for using commas with coordinating conjunctions coordinating conjunctions connect two ideas or clauses in a sentence. The comma is used in many contexts and languages, mainly for separating parts of a sentence such as clauses, and items in lists, particularly when there are three or more items listed the word comma comes from the greek. Inverted commas (quotation marks), brackets and capital letters can be quite confusing to use for some people this lesson is a quick reminder and is not meant to be all-inclusive or definitive.
Use a comma to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series (a comma is necessary before the last ‘and’) example: the constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. Use a comma to separate two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction a coordinating conjunction is a connecting word such as and, but , or or for more information, view the page on sentence structure and types of sentences. Use a semicolon between independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction if the clauses are already punctuated with commas or if the clauses are lengthy some people write with a word processor, tablet, or a even a phone but others, for different reasons, choose to write with a pen or pencil. Use a comma to separate items in a series the other animals in the farmyard, the rat, the geese, and the sheep, are amazed at charlotte’s masterful plan to save wilbur use a comma before a quotation when an introductory phrase with a word like say or reply precedes the quotation.
3 use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence appositives act as synonyms for a juxtaposed word or phrase for example, while running, i saw a mallard, a kind of duck. Commas confuse us perhaps because there are so many rules for using them, and also because comma usage varies by style the oxford comma is an infamous example the associated press (ap) stylebook doesn’t ban the oxford comma, but the guide recommends using it only when necessary for clarity. Although french and english use nearly all of the same punctuation marks, some of their uses in the two languages are considerably different rather than an explanation of the rules of french and english punctuation, this lesson is a simple summary of how french punctuation differs from english.
Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items example: my estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew note: when the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the oxford comma. Plenty of grammar books highlight the rules for correct use of commas, so i don’t intend to repeat that information i have found, however, that a quick reminder on where or when not to use commas is often helpful commas are used to separate words and phrases into chunks of information that make sense to the reader. Learning when to and when not to use commas is a difficult and sometimes overwhelming task for many writers, but it is absolutely essential because commas are signals that tell readers which words need to be separated from each other or which words are not essential to the basic grammar of a sentence.