Utilitarianism and discrimination∗ alon harel† and uzi segal‡ february 19, 2012 abstract since becker (3), a common argument against asymmetric norms that promote minority rights over those of the majority is that such. Utilitarian argument against discrimination in employment 1 inefficiency argument-discrimination creates an economically inefficient matching of people to jobs 2 externality argument employers who discriminate on the basis of sex and race can impose an external cost to society the society has to bear the burden of addressing social problems created. If you answered yes, you were probably using a form of moral reasoning called utilitarianism stripped down to its essentials, utilitarianism is a moral principle that holds that the morally right course of action in any situation is the one that produces the greatest balance of benefits over. Problem with act utilitarianism though there is some criticism on this theory because for some people the act of torturing and enslavement is a source of happiness and this theory allows these act morally this act according to some critics justifies crime. Deontological ethics there are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of jeremy bentham (1748-1832) and john stuart mill (1806-1873.
Act utilitarianism uses the concept of pleasure to determine total utility however, the perception of pleasure can be different for different people and cultures (mosser, 2013) furthermore, the conclusions in act utilitarianism are based on the assessment of total utility for particular people or social groups. Downloadable (with restrictions) since becker ( 1971 ), a common argument against asymmetric norms that promote minority rights over those of the majority is that such policies reduce total welfare while this may be the case, we show that there are simple environments where aggregate sum of individual utilities is actually maximized under asymmetric norms that favor minorities. Utilitarianism, kantian ethics, natural rights theories, and religious ethics a “utilitarian” argument, in the strict sense, is one what alleges that we ought to do something because it will produce more total happiness than doing anything else would.
Utilitarianism and discrimination 373 the next proposition shows that if the optimal policy is not full separation, then at least one of the two groups should not be restricted at all. Discrimination - download as powerpoint presentation (ppt / pptx), pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or view presentation slides online scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Employment discrimination is the unfair treatment of employees based on prejudices the forms of discrimination can be dependent upon equal pay compensation, sexual orientation, national origin. Julia markovits (mit) gives an introduction to the moral theory of utilitarianism utilitarianism is the view that the right moral action is the one that maximizes happiness for all speaker: dr julia markovits, associate professor of philosophy, mit. This content was stolen from brainmasscom - view the original, and get the solution, here this response describes in detail the utilitarian principle, affirmative action and employment discrimination.
Utilitarianism is one of the most powerful and persuasive approaches to normative ethics in the history of philosophy animals also lack the capacity for moral discrimination and would therefore seem to lack the moral sense this raises some interesting questions. Workplace example of utilitarianism ethics the core idea of utilitarianism is that an action is right if it results in the happiness of the greatest number of people in a society or a group in the workplace, the idea of this concept is if you conduct yourself properly at work, then you will be able to achieve professional happiness. Second, the utilitarian argument must also answer the charge of opponents who hold that society as a whole may benefit from some forms of sexual discrimination rights kantian theory, for example, holds that human beings should be treated as ends and never used merely as means. Discrimination based on a person's ethnicity, race or culture may manifest itself in a number of ways in the workplace for example, when the policies for a business discriminate against persons.
Utilitarian argument: discrimination (in employment) is wrong because it is inefficient social productivity is optimized to the extent that jobs are awarded on the basis of competency or merit: this best promotes the general welfare. Mill and sidgwick, imperialism and racism bart schultz university of chicago this essay is in effect something of a self-review of my book henry sidgwick: eye of the universe (2004) and of the volume, co-edited with georgios varouxakis, utilitarianism and empire (2005) my chief concern here is to go beyond those earlier works. The utilitarian approach utilitarianism was conceived in the 19th century by jeremy bentham and john stuart mill to help legislators determine which laws were morally best both bentham and mill suggested that ethical actions are those that provide the greatest balance of good over evil both favoritism and discrimination are unjust and.
“the utilitarian approach, reflected in rational choice theory, recognizes that persons have desires and interests, and suggests rules of rational choice for maximizing the satisfaction of these” (held, 1990. Equality and discrimination deontological argument the following post is from a deontological argument point of view the question is, do i think that it is ever justifiable to treat people on the basis of their race, sex, religion or other group characteristic.
Abstract since becker (1971), a common argument against asymmetric norms that promote minority rights over those of the majority is that such policies reduce total welfare. Utilitarianism and equality by benjamin studebaker one of the key topics in moral philosophy is utilitarian ethics–the notion that some principle or concept, usually happiness or pleasure or some variant, should be maximised across society. Monday, december 1, 2014 this essay will analyze how a utilitarian, a deontologist, a virtue ethicist a relativist and an ethical egoist would argue against the use of affirmative action a case will be made by illustrating why this practice is irrefutably unethical and discriminatory discrimination, in all forms, is not a. 123 utilitarianism and discrimination 379 our main point however is not that utilitarian calculus implies that society should prefer minorities over majorities rather, we showed that the opposite is not necessarily true, that is, affirmative action policies do not necessarily reduce social welfare but may actually maximize social sum of utilities.